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7 challenges, 31 key focus areas and 132 objectives

In spite of the efforts it has made to have the principles of sustainable development take root, Morocco still faces problems in meeting its challenges: constant increases in the prices of energy or food products, negative effects related to climate change, loss of biodiversity, the depletion of natural resources and growing social inequality. In 2014, Morocco decided to develop a National Sustainable Development Plan (NSDP) to deal with those challenges. In this article, we describe the NSDP and its relationship with the future action plan for more sustainable means of consumption and production (SCP).

The NSDP was designed to provide for the implementation of a green economy by 2020. The plan, developed through broad consultation with the public sector, private operators and civil society, is based on the 4 fundamental principles of sustainable development: the economic, environmental, social and cultural aspects. These aspects are achieved by sustainable reinforcement of competitiveness, systematic accounting for environmental challenges, guaranteed growth and social cohesion, and the promotion of a tolerant, creative society. In order to achieve this goal, the NSDP was broken down into 7 challenges, 31 key focus areas, and 132 objectives. The 7 first-order challenges are as follows: governance, a green economy, biodiversity, climate change, protection of vulnerable land, social cohesion and culture.

Implementing the NSDP will mean a gain of 6% in GDP compared to a gross cost of 2% of the GDP.

Challenge number 2, which is intended to provide for transition to a green economy, is one of the key challenges to implementing sustainable development. In fact, it depends almost entirely on a proper economic approach. For challenge number 2, the NSDP reviews the main sectors of production, within which incubators for creating value and jobs are important, with strong potential to mitigate pressures on natural resources. Implementing the actions identified would help provide a real decoupling of strong economic growth from pressures on natural resources and environments. Reconciling modernisation of the agricultural sector with the requirements of sustainable development, accelerating the deployment of efficient practices and transition policies, or promoting sustainable mobility, constitute some of the 11 focus areas of this challenge.

One of the NSDP’s objectives is to accelerate the use of renewable energy sources to reach 42% of current electric power use by 2020.

Development of the Moroccan action plan for the SCP is closely linked to the goal of successful transition to a green economy and the initiatives of green entrepreneurship, sustainable purchasing and efficient use of natural resources in industry. The future action plan for the SCP, under development by the ministry division responsible for the environment, with support from SwitchMed, is already in its approval phase and will soon be finished and officially published.


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04/05/2018 Policy Makers